Canada is a country situated in the northern part of North America with the United States to its south and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. It is the world’s second-largest country by total area, covering 3.85 million square miles. It includes 10 provinces and 3 territories and is home to over 37 million people. The diverse and vibrant culture of Canada is influenced by its aboriginal heritage, and it is officially bilingual, with both English and French recognized as its official languages. The majority of Canada’s population live in urban cities, with most in the major metropolitan areas of Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Its climate varies widely across the country, ranging from arctic temperatures in its northern regions to humid-continental in the south.
Canada is a leader in conservation and is home to a wide range of natural habitats, from the tundra and boreal forests in the North, to the boreal shield and temperate rainforest of its western coast. Canada also has a flourishing economy, ranked as one of the world’s most competitive and successful. It is an affluent nation with a high standard of living and generous social benefits for its citizens.