Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe that is bordered by Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Italy, as well as the sovereign states of Liechtenstein and Switzerland. As of 2018, the population of Austria was estimated to be 9.05 million people. Vienna is the country’s largest city and also serves as the capital and primary cultural and economic hub. Austria has a temperate climate and experiences four distinct seasons. Winters are quite cold and snowy while summers are warm and sunny. The diverse mountainous terrain of the country is a source of both adventure and relaxation, with Austria’s many ski resorts, lakes, and national parks being popular destinations for both tourists and locals alike. Austria is home to a thriving economy that is largely service- and technology-based. It is also one of the founding members of the European Union, and its economy has been rated as one of the most competitive among the member states.