Portugal is a country located on the western Iberian Peninsula, bordered by Spain to the north and east and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and west. It is the oldest country in Europe and the smallest by geographical area. Portugal has an extensive history and culture, as well as some of the most beautiful coastal landscapes in the world. The Portuguese population is largely Roman Catholic and many of the nation’s traditions are closely linked to this religion. Portugal is famous for its cobbled villages, white-washed buildings, Moorish architecture, magnificent palaces, and breathtaking coastline. Some of the most popular attractions in Portugal include the city of Lisbon, the Algarve region, Sintra and the University of Coimbra.
The country’s strong maritime tradition is also reflected in its arts and crafts, with Azulejos, the hand painted tiles that decoratively cover many Portuguese buildings and structures, being one of the most iconic symbols of its culture. Other aspects of Portuguese culture include the Fado, a melancholic and unique genre of music, and the production of popular cork products.