The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland commonly called UK or Britain is an island nation located in the North Western Europe. The United Kingdom comprises England, Scotland, wales and Northern Ireland. It is a sovereign nation and its capital is London. England is home to centuries old universities at oxford and Cambridge.
The United Kingdom has a total area of 245,000 sq. kilometers with a total population of about 65.1 million people. The Great Britain is surrounded by water with the Atlantic Ocean on its west, the North Sea on its north, the English Channel to the south and the Irish Sea to the west. The UK has 8,000km of coastline which is the12th longest in the world. The United Kingdom is the 11th largest country in Europe and 78th largest by land area in the world. The flag of the UK comprises a white and red symmetric cross with and X behind the cross. The official language spoken in the UK is English. England is the largest country in the UK. The word England comes from the word “Angle-land.” The word Britain is derived from the word Brythons which is the name of a Celtic tribe. The Scotland is home to many small lochs, or narrow streams of water. The United Kingdom is the 21st-most populous country in the world. The highest mountain in the UK is Ben Navis in Scotland.
The institutions in the UK are consistently ranked among the best in the world and the qualifications obtained are recognised internationally. 5% of the scientific research in the world is carried out in the UK. The UK is the home of English hence an ideal place to develop language skills and enhance employment prospects. There are 71 UK universities that feature in the QS World University Rankings® 2016-2017 and four are ranked within top 10 in the world.