Lithuania is an Eastern European country that is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the west. It is landlocked and was part of the Soviet Union until 1991. Lithuania covers an area of about 25,000 square miles and has a population of around 2.9 million people. The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius. Lithuania has long had a turbulent history with neighbours in Russian, Belorussian, and Polish territories. Today, Lithuania is one of the three Baltic nations in Europe and is a member of the European Union, United Nations, and NATO. Lithuania is also becoming increasingly industrialized and has attracted many foreign investors in the past few years.
The capital Vilnius is one of the oldest cities in Europe with a medieval old town and numerous churches, monasteries, and fortifications. It is known for its charming cobblestone streets, gothic architecture, and its grand castles.