The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The capital of Czech Republic is Prague and it is also the largest city in the county.
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. Prague is home to grand 9th-century Prague Castle, a preserved medieval old town, and statue-lined Charles Bridge. A small town called Český Krumlov in the South Bohemian region is famous for its wealth of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque buildings.
The Czech Republic has a total land area of 78,866 square kilometers with a population of 10.6 million people. The climate of the country is mostly continental and oceanic. The city of Prague is home to 1.2 million residents.
The Czech Republic together with Slovakia was formerly known as Czechoslovakia, but it was later dissolved on 1 January 1993. Snezka is the highest point in the Czech Republic, and it stands at 1,602 m. The major source of income for the Czech economy is tourism. Prague was the sixth most visited city in Europe in 2011, and the tourism industry employs over 1% of the population.
The official language in the Czech Republic is Czech, and its official currency is Czech koruna. Today, the Czech Republic is stable and prospering. Large farms in the country produce more grain than any other country in Europe. The country, which has long been known for its heritage of theater, music, and art, is restoring this tradition.
Prague castle is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest ancient castle in the world by area, at over 7 hectares (70,000 m²). The large European car manufacturer, Skoda Auto is from the Czech Republic.
A total of 18 universities in the Czech Republic feature in the top 300 of the QS EECA University Rankings 2018 – a dedicated ranking of top universities in Emerging Europe and Central Asia – and five of these are included in the QS World University Rankings® 2018.