The Netherlands is located in northwestern Europe and it is known for a flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills and cycling routes. Its capital is Amsterdam. The Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum and the build where Anne Frank who was a Jewish diarist hid during WWII are all in Amsterdam. The 17th-century “Golden Age” Canalside mansions and valuable artworks of Rembrandt and Vermeer can still be seen in the city of Amsterdam.
The meaning of “Netherlands” simply means “lower countries”, and the Netherlands is also called Holland. The total area of Netherlands is 41,543 square kilometres with a population of about 17 million people. Netherlands is the 65th most populous nation in the world. Amsterdam is the capital of Netherlands and it is also the largest city. The Netherlands is part of the European Union and uses the Euro as its currency. The Netherlands also includes islands in the Caribbean named Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.
About 20% of Netherland’s land is below the sea level. Netherlands shares border with Belgium and Germany. Dutch is the major language in the Netherlands. There are about 20 national parks. The Netherlands has more than 1,000 windmills. Rotterdam, the Hague, Eindhoven, and Utrecht are other major cities in the Netherlands. Many of the tomatoes, cucumbers, and flowers in the world are exported from the Netherlands.
The Netherlands is home to one of the world’s oldest and most highly respected systems of higher education, dating back to the 16th century. The QS World University Rankings® 2018 includes 13 universities in the Netherlands, all ranked within the world’s top 400, and an impressive eight of these are within the global top 150. The nation’s highest-ranking institution is Delft University of Technology at 54th in the world, with the University of Amsterdam and Eindhoven University of Technology not too far behind, at 58th and 104th respectively.